When mentioning China, it is impossible not to mention the typical dumplings like mantou, shuijiao, huntun…It is not only the simple dishes, but also the beauty of Chinese cuisine.
Rice is an indispensable food in the lives of the Chinese people, noodles are also very popular, but if there is a survey to find the most popular food in China, you will get the answer: That’s the dumplings. Dumplings are ubiquitous, from curbside restaurants to high end restaurants. The followings are the most typical Chinese dumplings.
Shuijiao is a very popular food in China, especially in the Northern area. This dish is made from a mixture of minced pork and vegetables, wrapped in flour cake made of wheat flour. Shuijiao are considered a feature of Chinese culture. On the Lunar New Year, families will make shuijiao together; among them, there will be a shuijiao which will be given a penny inside, and whoever gets with that shuijiao will get lucky in the new year.
Tangyuan, also known as yuanxiao, is a typical cakes featured at the Lantern Festival, a major festival in China. Tangyuan has a round shape, the shell is made of glutinous rice flour, the inside is sweet sesame seed, pea powder, dried fruit … Cake can be boiled, fried or steamed. Tangyuan is sweet, fragrant and delicious. Cakes are often eaten during the Lantern Festival, which is the last day of the Lunar New Year celebration, where people eat this kind of dumplings to signify a reunion, harmony and fun in the family.
Xiaolongbao is a very special type of dim sum, originating from Nanxiang, a suburb of Shanghai. It also has the kernel with shrimp, meat or seafood as well as other dim sums, but Xiaolongbao is so especial for that the hot bouillon is wrapped in each piece of dumpling. Each Xiaolongbao is so delicious with hot water to blast the tongue when biting the break, which is an interesting thing that diners love this unique dim sum. Xiaolongbao is always on the menu of Chinese restaurants, so do not miss the opportunity to enjoy this attractive dish when visiting China.
Huntun also known as wonton is a quite famous dish. The kernel of huntun is made from meat, seafood and minced vegetables, wrapped in wheat flour and then steamed. Huntun can be eaten separately with spicy sauce or used in huntun noodles, huntun soup. In Guangdong, huntun noodles are very popular. A bowl of huntun noodles is so aromatic with bouillon from bones, laying a few slices of eggs and boiled shrimps, sprinkling full of delicious green chillies.
Hargow is a dish that originated in Chaozhou, China and is often used for breakfast or dim sum. The shell is made from a mixture of wheat flour, hargow flour and tapioca starch, the kernel is so various, including meat, shrimps, vegetables, roots … The popular hargow is often steamed, there are also fried dishes. The cake is wrapped according to the crescent moon shape, when ripening, the crusts of the cake become dimly filled with pinkish-pink shrimp, with a bit of green onion and aromatic scent has become a favorite dish of many diners.
The image of shengjian is often associated with chefs in a small breakfast restuarant with a giant black pan covered with a heavy wooden lid. Shengjian is a special fried dumpling, the most popular breakfast dish in Shanghai since the early 1900s. Shengjian has a meatball kernel and the hot, aromatic bouillon.
Guotie is also known as Potstickers, which is a popular Chinese dish that has spread widely to Nepal, Japan, both East and West Asia, etc. Guotie has the similar shape to huntun but the crust is thicker and flatter. The kernel is made from minced meat and vegetables, usually boiled or fried in a cast iron pan, served with soy sauce or chili sauce.
Momo is a very popular dish in Tibet, which can be round-shaped or crescent-shaped. The kernel includes potatoes and chopped vegetables, chicken, beef with ginger, coriander and garlic. Usually they are steamed or fried, served with homemade chili sauce and a bowl of soup.
Originated from Inner Mongolia, this dish has a unique shape, various kinds of kernel made from pork, vegetables, seafood and mushrooms … wrapped in a thin crust, topped with crab meat or chopped carrot, or beans.
Manti is natively from Xinjiang and is a popular dish in Central Asia. Manti dumplings are a mixture of meat and spices, usually lamb or beef, wrapped in a crust of flour, the they get boiled or steamed. Although this dish is simple, it has a very strange flavor that makes you curious to taste it for many times.
In addition, the Manti has an extremely interesting variation that has appeared since the middle of the 15th century and still exists in the modern Turkish cuisine. Manti will be steamed and sprinkled with a mixture of sauce made from yogurt, melted butter, garlic and spices, forming a beautiful dish.
Chinese cuisine always bring tourists many surprises. Dumplings have a long history; they may be considered as a part of ancient China. If you have the chance to come to China, don’t forget to try these amazing foods.